Burning of Osceola Monument
Backstory and Context
Union General John C. Fremont called on volunteers to confront the forces of Confederate General Sterling Price who were moving through Missouri, often terrorizing Union loyalists and confiscating property. Instead of following these orders and confronting Price's men, Lane sent Charles R. Jennison and his men to follow Price and his Confederate troops westward into Missouri. Lane then led a force to Osceola, which had an approximate population of 2200, and mirrored Price's actions of commandeering supplies and terrorizing Confederate supporters. However, Lane's attack on Osceola took a deadly turn in the early hours of September 23, 1861.
General Lane and his troops advanced on Osceola and quickly overran Guard Captain John M. Weidemeyer and his 200 Missouri militiamen. The pro-Confederate defenders were outnumbered made a speedy retreat. The city was now left to the mercy of Lane and his Jayhawkers, but little mercy was shown as they looted homes, stores, robbed the local bank, and raided businesses throughout the town. After taking what they wanted, the troops laid torch to nearly every structure in sight.
Demonstrating the unclear line between theft and attacking the resources of the enemy, Lane and his men managed to seize many supplies that would have aided pro-Confederate partisans in Missouri, including a train loaded with supplies that were intended for the Confederate Army. “Lane had commandeered some 300 horses and mules, 400 cattle, numerous hogs and sheep, 3000 sacks of flour, 500 pounds of sugar and molasses, 50 pounds of coffee, 200 slaves and $100,000 in money.” ¹ During the siege and plundering of Osceola the brutal Jayhawkers used violence and destruction to terrorize the citizens of Osceola. The worst was yet to come. “Nine male citizens were given a speedy hearing before Lane executed them.” ³
To commemorate the Burning of Osceola and the men who died at the hands of the Jayhawker militia, a monument was placed on the exact burial site where the men were buried following their execution. The monument is located in the Osceola Cemetery.