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This statue, a reminder of Virginia’s Confederate past, honors a military unit of volunteers who fought extensively for the confederation known as the Richmond Howitzers. After the Civil War was over, the Howitzer Battalion was absorbed in the US Army and fought valiantly in both World Wars. This statue was dedicated in 1892 and reflect's the South's use of monuments to commemorate the "Lost Cause" of secession.


  • Richmond Howitzers Monument.
  • Monument in 1900. Courtesy of The Valentine Museum of Richmond.
  • 1911 colored postcard of the monument. Courtesy of the Digital Library of Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU)

The sculpture, created by Caspar Buberl and William L. Sheppard, depicts a “Number One” artillery man standing erect at the front of the gun. The "number" refers to the specific functions assigned to a soldier when shooting the enemy, and "number ones" were to ram the cartridge into the barrel of the cannon and to sponge the barrel down after the piece of artillery had been fired in order to put out any sparks before the next round was fired.

The statue is cast in bronze and sits on a granite base at the corner of Park Avenue and Harrison Street. On the South side of the base, we can see the emblem of the Richmond Howitzers on bronze. The Latin expression adopted by the regiment reads “Cita Mors Aut Victoria Laeta”, which translates as “A Quick Death or A Sweet Victory”. On the North side we can see the emblem of the Confederacy on bronze.

One of the creators, William L. Sheppard, served with the Richmond Howitzers artillery, which he joined in 1861. After the Civil War, he devoted his time to painting watercolor scenes that depicted everyday scenes of the life of Confederate soldiers. Eventually, he became a much-appreciated artist of the Lost Cause.

As the Richmond Howitzers Monument is located near the Virginia Commonwealth University campus, the statue is often decorated with extra adornments, usually a scarf and a hat. Students at VCU jokingly refer to the statue as the "Q-Tip Man".

"An Illustrated Guide to Virginia’s Confederate Monuments", by Timothy S. Sedore "A souvenir of the unveiling of the Richmond howitzer monument, at Richmond, Virginia, December 13th, 1892 : address of Mr. Leigh Robinson, with rolls of the three companies and lists of battles," by Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Artillery. Richmond Howitzers; Robinson, Leigh, 1840-1922; Christian, George L. (George Llewellyn), 1841-1924. Richmond, VA: J. L. Hill Printing Co., 1983