Backstory and Context
Clem Studebaker, the owner of the Studebaker Corp (the largest wagon manufacturer in the world), began plans for his new home in 1884. He then hired renowned Chicago architect, Henry Ives Cobb to convert his plans into reality. The result was a massive mansion with 20 fireplaces, intricately carved woodwork, and a truly grand staircase. Soon after the mansion was completed, it suffered extensive fire damage and was rebuilt within a year. After the Studebaker family left the home in 1933, it was vacant until 1941. It then served as a headquarters for the Red Cross and was the E. M. Morris School for Crippled Children until 1974. It has been utilized as a restaurant since 1980.
There are two theories as to how the estate was named. One holds that Studebaker, who was a close friend with the country’s 23rd president, Benjamin Harrison, named it to honor Harrison’s grandfather, William Henry Harrison, the country’s 9th president. William Henry had earned the nickname, “Tippecanoe” as a result of defeating a group of Native Americans at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811. He then used the campaign slogan, “Tippecanoe and Tyler Too” to help defeat Martin Van Buren in the presidential election of 1840. The other theory is that it was named after the Native American leader, Tippecanoe, who, it was rumored, signed a treaty with the U.S. government on the site where the mansion now stands.