Hayes Barton Historic District
Hayes Barton district, named for Sir Walter Raleigh's English home-place, is a district located west of Glenwood Avenue and north of Wade Avenue in Raleigh. Notable landscape architect Earle Sumner Draper designed the district in 1920. Draper took advantage of the area’s lush natural outdoor spaces, creating a natural landscape with plenty of green spaces for the suburban neighborhood. The curving streets match the shape of the land and rolling terrain.
Backstory and Context
Prior to 1920, Five Points was little more than the junction of dirt roads and the streetcar line on Glenwood Avenue. These roads linked the area's farms and mills, while the streetcar line, which had been installed in 1912, served Bloomsbury Amusement Park to the north. Consequently, the earliest development followed the streetcar and other transportation lines. Although the first home was begun in April of 1920, construction began to pick up speed during the summer of 1921. The News and Observer reported in July of 1921 that ten new homes were under construction in Hayes Barton. The paper hoped that this activity denoted "the beginning of the end of the building stagnation which began during the war."
The neighborhood saw many changes during the 1920s due to its rapid growth. This included the building of commercial businesses, such as grocery stores, and the establishment of the Tudor Revival Myrtle Underwood School. The post-war period saw another period of booming development. By the 1950s, the area was popular enough to sustain a second shopping center. Even as many of the home original to the mid-twentieth century have been torn down and rebuilt, the neighborhood remains a popular and picturesque area, and efforts continue to preserve and revitalize the original period homes that remain.
"Hays Barton Historic District," Living Spaces, http://www.livingplaces.com/NC/Wake_County/Raleigh_City/Hayes_Barton_Historic_District.html
"Hays Barton Historic District Map," Raleigh Historic Development Commission, http://rhdc.org/sites/default/files/images/NRHD_HayesBarton.png
"Hayes Barton Historic District Registration Form," National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, accessed March 12, 2017, http://rhdc.org/sites/default/files/Hayes%20Barton%20NRHD.pdf