The Black Mountain College Museum and Art Center was established in 1993 by Mary Holden. This museum is to honor the students and faculty of the world renowned school of the arts. The museum is located in downtown Asheville and has been able to educate the community on the renowned studies of the college and its experimental educational practices. The school closed down in 1957 after a ruling of a judge stated that the teachings of the college should end until all the debts of the school had been paid.
Mountain College opened in 1933 by a group of its faculty members that had
broken away from Rollins College. The school closed after 24 years of service
but not before it had become one of the world’s best architectural schools in
the U.S. The school closed due to unpaid debts and ordered by court decision to
close until these debts were paid. It is unclear if the debts were paid, but
the school was never able to reopen its doors. Throughout its 24 years, the art
and architecture created at the school was able to evolve into its own unique
designs and views that still influence the world today.
Citizens from all over the world began discovering Black
Mountain College and all that they offered after the rise of Adolf Hitler.
Several of the students that enrolled in the college were from the European
continent trying to escape the persecution that Hitler and his regime were
putting on all the free thinkers of Europe. Students and faculty from all over
Europe were accepted and taught in the new designs of art and architecture.
Several of the world’s great artists studied here, such as Robert Rauschenberg,
Franz Kline, and Buckminster Fuller.
Today, a museum and art
center has opened to preserve the history of the school. Opened in 1993, the
museum and art center has rotating exhibits representing the great artists that
attended the school. Along with these exhibits, the museum and art center are
working on a permanent collection for the school’s architectural history. Within
this collection are oral interviews with alumni of the college along with seminars,
lectures, and films from the school. These collections are rotated on exhibit
and continuously added to when new items are donated to the museum. More
interviews, art collections, board minutes, and other items related to the
college are owned and housed by the state of North Carolina in the Western
Regional Archives. These records are among the widest used research materials
in the museum and the state archives.