The Wall not only divided East and West it divided family members from others caught on the other side of the wall. The Berlin Wall was a symbol of the ideological battle between the two Rival Superpowers. The Soviet Union claimed that the wall was built to prevent corruption from the Fascist population on the other side, claiming that United States backed West German government was corrupt. While the United States point of view was look how bad Communist must be if they have to build a wall just to keep people from leaving. The differences in the sides of the wall can be clearly seen by its remnants, the West Berlin side had graffiti on it while the East Berlin side had nothing.
President Kennedy and President Reagan both made trips to West Berlin while the Berlin Wall stood and made speeches in the city itself. President Kennedy's trip to West Berlin was shortly after the construction of the wall. His famous line during his speech, that is depicted in this memorial to the wall is Ich bin ein Berliner! which in English means I am a Berliner. Ronald Reagan's trip was near the fall of the Soviet Union, and he was clearly audible in East Berlin itself when he said Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!. Ronald Reagan Presidency wouldn't last long enough to see Soviet Union collapse, that would be during the Presidency of George H. W. Bush. The pieces that are in this memorial to the Berlin Wall came from the people in Berlin who themselves tore down the wall, signaling the end of the Cold War.