Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, this is the grave of abolitionist, suffragist, and humanitarian Harriet Tubman, who died in 1913. Harriet Tubman worked to guide over 300 slaves to safety and was a firm believer in the abolition of slavery. Harriet Tubman's grave was erected by the Empire State Federation of Women's Clubs and is located in Auburn, New York.
The grave is situated on the western corner of Fort Hill Cemetery. The cemetery inters many other well-known people, including William H. Seward, who served as Secretary of State under Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson (1861-1869).
Harriet Tubman was born in in
1822 with the name Araminta Ross. She was born into slavery to slave parents
named Harriet Green and Ben Ross. Harriet was owned by a woman named Mary
Pattison Brodess. Harriet Green and Ben Boss had nine children together; three
daughters were sold to another family, separating them. Harriet Tubman was
rented as a young child to a woman named Miss Susan. Harriet’s job was to
take care of Miss Susan’s baby during the night. If the baby cried, Harriet was
whipped. The whippings left her with severe scars for the rest of her life.
Harriet started wearing thick clothes as protection, fighting back, and running
away. Throughout her childhood, Harriet Tubman was hired to various
masters. While she was working, she suffered a severe head injury when she was hit with
a metal weight. For the rest of her life, she suffered from seizures,
headaches, visions, and vivid dreams. This diminished her value as a slave.
In 1844 Harriet Tubman
married a free black man named John Tubman. She took his last name and began using her mother’s name Harriet. In 1849 Harriet’s owner passed away.
Instead of waiting on the possibility of being sold, Harriet escaped with her
brothers, Ben and Henry, on September 17, 1849. Later, her brothers experienced
guilt and returned with Harriet. This did not stop Harriet from escaping again
soon after. Harriet used the Underground Railroad to escape and the North Star to provide direction. She eventually made it to
Pennsylvania, a free state.
Once Harriet was in a free
state, she began working odd jobs in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. However, she
felt that her family in Maryland should also experience freedom. Despite
the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850, she began rescuing family and other slaves
beginning in December 1850. With each trip back to Maryland, she became more
confident. On one return trip she discovered that her husband had married another
woman, and her husband refused to go with Harriet. Soon, Harriet’s trips between Maryland and
Pennsylvania turned into guiding former slaves to Ontario, where the Fugitive
Slave Law of 1850 was not in effect.
It is estimated that Harriet Tubman
made 19 trips and guided over 300 slaves to safety. In 1903 she donated her
personal land to the church for the founding of Harriet Tubman Home for the
Aged, which opened in 1908. In 1911 her health began to decline, and she moved
into the aged home. She died of pneumonia in 1913 and was buried at Fort Hill
Cemetery in Auburn with semi-military honors in Auburn, New York.