New Philadelphia Town Site National Historic Landmark
The New Philadelphia Town Site is the location of the first town in the country founded by an African American. In 1836, former slave Frank McWorter and his family moved to the Hadley township. McWorter platted the town and named it "New Philadelphia." The site is also notable in that it was a racially integrated community well before the Civil War. The site is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and was designated a National Historic Landmark in 2014. The site is now an open farming field but there are interpretive signs just inside of the road.
The New Philadelphia Town Site
Backstory and Context
New Philadelphia, founded in 1836, is believed to be the first town in the United States legally registered and platted by an African American. Frank McWorter, a slave in Kentucky, bought his own freedom and that of immediate family with surplus funds earned from mining niter and processing saltpeter. He subsequently moved to Illinois and purchased the acreage that would become New Philadephia, selling lots to both African Americans and European Americans. With proceeds from those sales and other sources, McWorter eventually bought the freedom of a dozen more family members.
The rural community flourished at first, situated near major crossroads at the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers. But New Philadelphia fell into decline when the railroad bypassed it in 1869. Dissolved under an official order of 1885, over time the abandoned town reverted to open fields.
Today you can visit the townsite of New Philadelphia. The site includes interpretation and an augmented reality app that allows visitors to explore New Philadelphia as it looked in the 1830's and 1840s.
(text taken from https://www.lookingforlincoln.org/explore/sites/383/new-philadelphia-townsite-national-historic-landmark)