Craven began his trade in the area in 1838. Soon after, the Civil War began. Craven's House served as a valuable lookout point during the period because it was situated on a mountain top. The home was used as a Confederate Headquarters.
The land of Craven's House is historically significant because it is where the Battle Above the Clouds took place on November, 24th 1863. The Union Army was able to quickly take control of the house. Soon after, 10,000 Union soldiers advanced to Craven's house only be to met by 1,200 Confederates. The home remained unscathed during the battle but the Union soldiers would later burn it down during a drunken fight.
After the Civil War, Craven moved back to his land. He rebuilt his house and remained there until his death in 1886. In 1893, 83 acres of his land was donated to the Chattanooga National Park. The home underwent renovations in 1956 and can now be visited by appointment only.
Craven's House is now frequently seen from the outside by hikers. There are two trails on Craven's land: the Bluff Trail and Point Park to Sunset Rock. Both trails offer moderate hiking of over a mile.