Frijoles Canyon, included in this park, contains homes from the Pueblo ancestors, their rock paintings, and petroglyphs. Various residential structures were built on the ground of the canyon and other holes were made in the side of the canyon by volcanic tuff and humans. Visitors can explore these structures by taking a 1.2-mile trail from the visitor center to the canyon. Ladders are also available at these structures so you can climb up and look into these cutout areas. One of the most popular sites in the canyon is Tyuonyi, which stands 1 to 3 stories high. The ceiling structure of Tyuonyi dates back to the 1300 and 1400's. Other trails in this park lead to smaller home structures, mesa country, and waterfalls that range from an hour hike to multiple day hikes. Some of the sites that were offered in earlier years have been destroyed by the Cochiti Lake on the Rio Grande. Although lower-elevation areas were destroyed, the higher elevation offers skiing during some winters.
Frijoles Canyon gets various snowfalls throughout the year, only averaging 25 inches per season. Mesas country gets twice that and even higher elevations get more. Most snow days the Main Loop Trail from the visitor center will be closed until the workers have cleared its path. Walking along freshly fallen snow will eventually create ice patches. This is dangerous, so the workers prefer visitors to wait until later in the day to hike. The visitor center offers a lodge with a fireplace where people can wait until the trail is cleared. Depending on the amount of snowfall, the park may be closed until cleared and safe. The yearly snowfall provides over half the precipitation for various areas of the park, which is necessary to keep the park beautiful. The snow gives the park a different look and may highlight structures that previously went unnoticed.
The Bandelier National Monument was made to preserve the native history of the Pueblo people. The various wildlife such as tarantulas, American pika, and the Abert's squirrels can be seen during their peak times of appearance at several places throughout the park. The trails in the park are not only for hiking, but also bike riding and running. The Bandelier National Monument is home to many different animals and plants who are found only in this park, making their preservation essential.