Longfellow House and Washington's Headquarters
The site was renamed to Longfellow House–Washington's Headquarters National Historic Site on December 22, 2010.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow with his wife Fanny Longfellow and two children.
Longfellow house garden. Image by Midnightdreary. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
Backstory and Context
Longfellow and his bride Fanny Appleton moved in this Georgian-style mansion overlooking the Charles River in 1843, right after their marriage. Her father Nathan Appleton was a wealthy textile manufacturer, the one that begun the Industrial Revolution in New England. After they moved in the house, Henry left his teaching position at Harvard and devoted himself to writing and scholarship. They had their five children borne in the house. In 1913 the Longfellow House Trust was established by the children of Henry and Fanny Longfellow to preserve their family home and open it to the public. Since 1927 the site is operated by National Park Service.
Before the house became a family home to the famous writer, it served as a headquarters and residence of the president George Washington, during the Boston siege. He arrived in Cambridge to take command of the fledgling Continental Army, which was laying siege to British-occupied Boston. This was the place where he plotted strategy with his generals, received dignitaries and fellow patriots, and celebrated the evacuation of the British army from Boston in March 1776.
In 1913, Henry and Fanny Longfellow established the Longfellow House Trust to preserve their family home and open it to the public. Since 1972 the site is operated by the National Park Service.