In 1750, Dr. Thomas Walker passed through the Cumberland Gap and built the first house in Kentucky. A replica of Walker's cabin today stands on the original site, which is now the Dr. Thomas Walker State Historical Park. This park includes mini-golf, gift shop, picnic shelters, playground, and lighted basketball court surrounded the replica of the cabin. Come and visit there to enjoy outdoor activities and learn more about Dr. Thomas Walker and his journey.
Dr. Thomas Walker was born in January 25,
1715. When he was young, he studied medicine and became a practicing physician
in Fredericksburg, Virginia. He was also a member of the Loyal Land Company which was a group of ambitious land speculators.
On April 13, 1750, the first English
Expedition was organized by Dr. Thomas Walker and passed the Cumberland Gap through the
mountains, named after the Duke of Cumberland. By April 23, 1750, the Walker expedition had arrived in Kentucky. The Walker expedition also encountered a
river which was named Cumberland by Dr. Thomas Walker.
After the successful exploration, Walker constructed a small, crude cabin to legally claim the
land that the expedition had found. On July 13, 1750, Dr. Thomas Walker
and his expedition returned to Virginia and never came back to Kentucky. Based
on Walker’s Journal Records, the structure of the cabin was around twelve feet by eight
feet. According to Kentucky State Parks, “the Barbourville Post of the American
Legion became interested in honoring the memory of Walker. They campaigned to
make the traditional site of the Walker cabin a state shrine. The American
Legion and the Barbourville community donated the 12-acre tract to the
commonwealth”(1). On June 20, 1931, the Dr. Thomas Walker State Shrine became part of Kentucky Parks.