The Society's research library, administered by a librarian on the staff of the Jefferson-Madison Regional Library, contains over 2,000 books and bound periodicals, as well as manuscripts, maps, pamphlets, newspapers, and vertical files relating to the history of the Charlottesville and Albemarle community. Additionally, the archival collection contains over 1,500 artifacts of historical significance to Charlottesville and Albemarle County in addition to over 60,000 photographic images.
The Society's programs look to preserve and discover history of the area. They offer a group walking tour October through April. They offer an annual Preservation Award to members of the community who have completed restoration, preservation, or reconstruction projects. ACHS is now working with Albemarle County to acquire access to the Historic Albemarle County Jail No. 5 in Court Square for use a community museum. ACHS has offered limited public tours of the jail facility.