West Virginia Female Veterans' Memorial
Dedicated in 2010 and located within the West Virginia State Capitol Complex, this statue is the first to honor female soldiers from the Mountain State. This memorial also features the only sculpture on the Capitol grounds that depicts a woman. The work was sculpted by Charleston artist Joe Mullins to represent a female veteran of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars wearing military fatigues designed to represent multiple branches of the Armed Services. The statue is symbolic of the sacrifices and commitment of all the women who have served in the US Armed Forces.
Backstory and Context
Funding to construct a memorial of West Virginia's female veterans was approved in 1998 and the statue was dedicated in 2010. In addition to debates about the design of the sculpture, there were many discussions about the appropriate location. The decision was made to place the statue next two the West Virginia Veterans Memorial and create an image of a soldier at work. Some veterans took issue with the design and argued the woman should be in dress uniform as opposed to military fatigues, while others approved the design choice.
The statue carries a flagpole that bears the flag of various different branches of service on a rotating basis. The statue faces the West Virginia Veterans Memorial, and it is on a 9-foot base that makes it the same height of the four statues of servicemen at the memorial. Additionally, the base of the memorial has four bronze panels depicting women in the service from various wars. Sculptor Joe Mullins previously designed each of the four statues of servicemen within the adjacent West Virginia Veterans Memorial.
One of the most notable examples of women in the military was the establishment of women's auxiliary units in World War II. Over time, each of these auxiliaries became part of the Army, Navy, and Marine Corps. For example, the WAVES began as a separate part of the Navy and the acronym stood for Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service. Over 27,000 American women served in the WAVES program during World War II. By 1948, women had gained permanent status in the armed services of the United States. Although women were fully integrated into the military by law, female sailors were informally known as "WAVES" for many decades that followed, a fact that demonstrates the long fight for equality that continues within the military today.
"Contributions of Women in the Military Throughout U.S. History" Allied Business Schools, Inc. Accessed December 12, 2014. http://www.education4military.com/blog/contributions-of-women-in-military.aspx
Craig, Ashley B.. State set to commemorate womens veteran memorial. Charleston Gazette-Mail. November 09, 2011. Accessed July 16, 2019. https://www.wvgazettemail.com/news/state-set-to-commemorate-womens-veteran-memorial/article_84e2e085-a354-5d28-857b-cd2eb3befa7c.html.
"P. Joseph Mullins." The West Virginia Encyclopedia. June 13, 2017. Accessed July 16, 2019. https://www.wvencyclopedia.org/articles/1534.
W.Va. picks Capitol site for woman veteran statue. The Herald-Dispatch. September 09, 2009. Accessed July 16, 2019. https://www.herald-dispatch.com/news/recent_news/w-va-picks-capitol-site-for-woman-veteran-statue/article_6348388f-5ed9-5715-817b-2f5b22e9f4bf.html.