Naval Air Station Fort Lauderdale Museum
Backstory and Context
In late 1941, the U.S. War Department (now the Department of Defense) decided to quickly build air stations around the country where large numbers of navy personnel could be trained for the war. At the time, there was simply nowhere to do so, and the navy needed its current ships and facilities for other purposes. To oversee this effort, the Department established the Naval Aviation Operational Training Command (NAOTC). The NAOTC selected civilian airports because they could easily be converted into air stations.
This was the case in Fort Lauderdale where Merle Fogg Airport had been in operation since 1930. The Naval Air Station Fort Lauderdale was built here and an adjacent golf course was incorporated into the base as well (the city's claim to fame before the war was that President Warren G. Harding played a round of golf here). Fort Lauderdale was also suitable geographically. The weather was excellent for flying, the city had a deep water port, and, of course, the city was next to the ocean which afforded opportunities for offshore torpedo bombing training. There was also good railroad facilities and little competition from other industries that needed them, allowing the fort to easily transport goods and personnel.
Between 1942 and 1944, 1,686 American and British pilots, as well as thousands of other aircrew personnel, were trained here. In April 1945, there fort had 200 planes, the highest number of aircraft it had during the war. Pilots and aircrew personnel also trained in gunnery control, navigation, blinker light signaling, and radio communications. At its peak, there were around 3,600 personnel stationed at the fort.
The fort was decommissioned in 1946. Many of the buildings, which were already in bad shape, were abandoned. The city assumed ownership of the facilities in 1949 and used the barracks as a high school until 1963 to accommodate the influx of residents to the city after the war. Eventually, all of the fort's buildings were demolished, except for the Link building. Civilian flights didn't resume at the airport until 1953. The airport was expanded in the 1980s and in later years.
"History of Naval Air Station Fort Lauderdale." Naval Air Station Fort Lauderdale Museum. Accessed May 7, 2020. https://www.nasflmuseum.com/nasfl-history.html.
Mazza, Marjan & Shiver, Car. "Link Trainer Building." National Park Service - National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form. May 20, 1998. https://npgallery.nps.gov/GetAsset/2fde4212-0d44-4036-9514-566729520977.
Wikimedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ft_Laud_FL_Link_Trainer_Bldg01.jpg